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Muses from St Lucy 6



People; when they hear the word  Neanderthal they think of them as a lowly creature.

BUT - You are us and we are you.

Read the article below and learn how God programmed us the be adaptable in any era.

We are brothers and sisters whether you like it or not.


NEW YORK (Reuters) - How can creatures as different in body and mind as present-day humans and their extinct Neanderthal cousins be 99.84 percent identical genetically?

Four years after scientists discovered that the two species' genomes differ by a fraction of a percent, geneticists said on Thursday they have an explanation: the cellular equivalent of "on"/"off" switches that determine whether DNA is activated or not.

Hundreds of Neanderthals' genes were turned off while the identical genes in today's humans are turned on, the international team announced in a paper published online in Science. They also found that hundreds of other genes were turned on in Neanderthals, but are off in people living today.

Among the hundreds: genes that control the shape of limbs and the function of the brain, traits where modern humans and Neanderthals differ most.

"People are fundamentally interested in what makes us human, in what makes us different from Neanderthals," said Sarah Tishkoff, an expert in human evolution at the University of Pennsylvania, who was not involved in the new study. 

Discovering the differences in gene activation is "an amazing technical feat," she said, and goes a long way to answering that riddle.

The discovery also underlines the power of those on/off patterns. Together, they add up to what is called the human epigenome, to distinguish it from the human genome. The genome is the sequence of 3 billion molecules that constitute all of a person's DNA while the epigenome is which bits of DNA are turned on or off even as the molecular sequence remains unchanged.

In the last few years, research on the epigenome has shed light on how gene silencing leads to cancer, for instance, and how identical twins with identical DNA sequences can be very different. The epigenome exerts such powerful effects that it is often called the "second genetic code."

Now it has offered clues to what makes modern humans distinct.


For the new study, geneticists led by Liram Carmel of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem started with DNA from limb bones: those of a living person, a Neanderthal and a Denisovan, an extinct human that lived in Eurasia during the Stone Age and whose remains - a pinkie bone and a tooth, from a cave in Siberia - were not discovered until 2010.

Geneticist David Gokhman and others on the Israeli team then examined the DNA's on/off patterns, identifying about 2,200 regions that were activated in today's humans, but silenced in either or both extinct species, or vice versa.


When a gene is silenced, it does not produce the trait it otherwise would.

Chief among the epigenetic differences: a cluster of five genes called HOXD, which influences the shape and size of limbs, including arms and hands. It was largely silenced in both ancient species, the scientists found.

That may explain anatomical differences between archaic and present-day humans, including Neanderthals' shorter legs and arms, bowleggedness, large hands and fingers, and curved arm bones.

Calling the work "pioneering," and "a remarkable breakthrough," paleoanthropologist Chris Stringer of the Natural History Museum in London said in an interview that the HOXD gene finding "may help to explain how these ancient humans were able to build stronger bodies, better adapted to the physical rigors of Stone Age life."

One caveat about the research is that one person's epigenome can vary markedly from another's due to diet, environment and other factors. It is therefore impossible to know whether the on/off patterns found in Neanderthal genes are typical of the species overall or peculiar to the individual studied.

Other DNA with big differences in on/off patterns between the extinct and present-day humans is associated with neurological and psychiatric disorders including autism, schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease. More of the Neanderthal versions were silenced.

In an interview, Carmel speculated that any given gene might "do many things in the brain." When dozens of brain-related genes became more active in today's humans, that somehow produced the harmful side effect of neurological illness.

But the main effect might have been the astonishing leap in brain development that most distinguishes modern Homo sapiens from our extinct cousins.


Yes; we did know the Lord our God just as well as you do.


Muses from St Lucy 5

What He ( Jesus ) Did For Us 

Someone said, “ The hinge of history is on the door of a Bethlehem stable. ” How true! History is primarily His story — the story of Jesus! 

His supernatural virgin birth was foretold 700 years beforehand, 

Isaiah 7:14 

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. 

Immanuel means “ God with us ” 

Matthew 1:23 

“ The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel ” — “ God with us. ” 

That name reveals the purpose of Jesus’ birth — the plan whereby God could fellowship with us. 

Isaiah 9:6 

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. 

To fellowship with us. 

John 1:1 

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. 

John 1:14 

The Word became flesh and made his dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the One and Only, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth. 

God created man for fellowship, but man’s sin produced an obstacle separating him from a holy God. 

1Timothy 3:16 

Beyond all question, the mystery of godliness is great: He appeared in a body, was vindicated by the Spirit, was seen by angels, was preached among the nations, was believed on in the world, was taken up in glory. 

Before the first sin by Adam and Eve, God devised a plan in which His Son would redeem man from sin. This plan included all of us, 

Isaiah 59:2 

But your iniquities have separated you from your God; your sins have hidden his face from you, so that he will not hear. 

Jesus “ was chosen before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you ”. 

Romans 3:23-24 

for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. 

Jesus was born to die on the cross to bring us into fellowship with God. 

1Peter 1:20 

He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake. 

What have you done about it? 

John 3:15 

that everyone who believes in him may have eternal life. 

“ To those who received Him, to them he gave the power to become the sons of God. "

John 1:12 

Yet to all who received him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God — 

Have you believed and received Jesus as your Savior? 

There is no time like N O W! 


Muses from St Lucy 4


The above is Scipture from some of the writers but below are the words of Jesus . . .

Matthew 25:31-46

“When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, he will sit on his throne in heavenly glory.

32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

33 He will put the sheep on his right and the goats on his left.

34 “Then the King will say to those on his right, ‘Come, you who are blessed by my Father; take your inheritance, the kingdom prepared for you since the creation of the world.

35 For I was hungry and you gave me something to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me something to drink, I was a stranger and you invited me in,

36 I needed clothes and you clothed me, I was sick and you looked after me, I was in prison and you came to visit me.’

37 “Then the righteous will answer him, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry and feed you, or thirsty and give you something to drink?

38 When did we see you a stranger and invite you in, or needing clothes and clothe you?

39 When did we see you sick or in prison and go to visit you?’

40 “The King will reply, ‘I tell you the truth, whatever you did for one of the least of these brothers of mine, you did for me.’

41 “Then he will say to those on his left, ‘Depart from me, you who are cursed, into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his angels.

42 For I was hungry and you gave me nothing to eat, I was thirsty and you gave me nothing to drink,

43 I was a stranger and you did not invite me in, I needed clothes and you did not clothe me, I was sick and in prison and you did not look after me.’

44 “They also will answer, ‘Lord, when did we see you hungry or thirsty or a stranger or needing clothes or sick or in prison, and did not help you?’

45 “He will reply, ‘I tell you the truth, whatever you did not do for one of the least of these, you did not do for me.’

46 “Then they will go away to eternal punishment, but the righteous to eternal life.”

Read vv 41& 46 and understand these are the words Jesus spoke and I doubt He was pulling your leg or just kidding.

Take heed and turn the ‘ false teachers ‘ off, tune them out and listen to Jesus. 

Ephesians 2:10

For we are God’s workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to do good works, which God prepared in advance for us to do.

Brothers and sisters please turn a deaf ear to the ‘ false teachers ‘. They are Satan driven and do not care about your well being.